Barbara McClintock was a scientist who discovered “jumping genes,” for which in 1983 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, the first woman to be the sole winner of the award. She earned her Bachelor degree in biology from Cornell University and went on to earn her Master’s and Doctorate. She spent her professional career analyzing the chromosomal makeup of corn. In the 1940’s, through her research, she learned that genetic material is not stationary and controlling genes can move along the chromosome to a different site and affect the behavior of neighboring genes. For many years, her work was considered too radical, causing her to stop publishing her findings. Only later, did scientists verify her findings and provide her with the much-deserved recognition.